Wittgenstein, Ludwig Josef Johann

Wittgenstein, Ludwig Josef Johann
   Among the most influential and revered of twentieth-century philosophers, Wittgenstein was deeply sceptical of traditional philosophy. Wittgenstein came from Austria in 1911 to study with Bertrand Russell, and later completed a draft of his first great work, Tractatus Logico-philosophicus (1921), while on the battlefield in the First World War. This bold work, written in a terse and enigmatic style, develops a logical analysis of language that seeks to reduce every meaningful utterance to an atomic sentence, which is formally isomorphic with a possible state of affairs. Those sentences that fail this test (including those of ethics, theology, philosophy and indeed the Tractatus itself) are in fact meaningless. Hence Wittgenstein concluded: 'Whereof one cannot speak thereof one must be silent.' After the publication of this book, Wittgenstein stayed away from formal philosophy for a number of years until in 1928 he returned to Cambridge, where he remained for the rest of his career. Wittgenstein's second great work, the posthumously published Philosophical Investigations (1953), differs markedly from the Tractatus. Wittgenstein came to eschew metaphysics and view philosophy as a therapeutic analysis of forms of life. To this end he concluded that meaning is found in the use of language, and through the analysis of use he sought to dissolve many classical philosophical dilemmas, including the mind/body problem and the problem of other minds. Wittgenstein's influence has been substantial. While the Tractatus became a seminal text for logical positivism Wittgenstein retained a mystical openness to what transcends language. His greater impact, however, has been through Philosophical Investigations, a work whose enigmatic comments on language games, private language and forms of life have left little of contemporary philosophy and theology untouched.
   Further reading: Baker and Hacker 1980-96; Fogelin 1987; Glock 1996; Kenny 1994; Kerr 2002; Kripke 1982; Malcolm 1962; Wittgenstein 1958, 1960-, 1975 and 1979

Christian Philosophy . . 2015.

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  • Wittgenstein, Ludwig Josef Johann — (1889–1951)    Philosopher.    Wittgenstein was born in Vienna, Austria, and he was a student of engineering at the Universities of Berlin and Manchester. He served in the Austrian army in the First World War and he eventually settled in England …   Who’s Who in Christianity

  • Wittgenstein, Ludwig (Josef Johann) — born April 26, 1889, Vienna died April 29, 1951, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, Eng. Austrian born English philosopher, regarded by many as the greatest philosopher of the 20th century. He was born into an immensely wealthy and cultivated family. In… …   Universalium

  • Wittgenstein, Ludwig (Josef Johann) — (26 abr. 1889, Viena–29 abr. 1951, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, Inglaterra.). Filósofo inglés de origen austríaco, considerado por muchos el más grande filósofo del s. XX. Nació en el seno de una familia inmensamente adinerada y culta. En 1908… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Ludwig Josef Johann Wittgenstein — Ludwig Wittgenstein Ludwig Wittgenstein Philosophe et Logicien Époque Contemporaine Ludwig Wittgenstein en 1947 Naissance : 26  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Wittgenstein, Ludwig — ▪ British philosopher in full  Ludwig Josef Johann Wittgenstein   born April 26, 1889, Vienna, Austria Hungary [now in Austria] died April 29, 1951, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, Eng.  Austrian born English philosopher, regarded by many as the… …   Universalium

  • Ludwig Wittgenstein — Wittgenstein redirects here. For other uses, see Wittgenstein (disambiguation). Ludwig Wittgenstein Photographed by Ben Richards Swansea, Wales, 1947 Born 26 April 1889 …   Wikipedia

  • Ludwig — Ludwig, Emil Ludwig, Karl Friedrich Ludwig, Otto * * * (as used in expressions) Beck, Ludwig Beethoven, Ludwig van Boltzmann, Ludwig (Eduard) Erhard, Ludwig Feuerbach, Ludwig (Andreas) Fraenkel Conrat, Heinz L(udwig) Frege, (Friedrich Ludwig)… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Johann — /yoh hahn/, n. a male given name, Germanic form of John. * * * (as used in expressions) Johann Jakob Astor Bach Johann Christian Bach Johann Sebastian Baeyer Johann Friedrich Wilhelm Adolf von Johann Heinrich Belter Bernstorff Johann Heinrich… …   Universalium

  • Ludwig — /lud wig, lood vig, wig/; Ger. /looht vikh, loohd /, n. 1. Emil /ay meel/, (Emil Cohn), 1881 1948, German biographer. 2. a male given name: from a Germanic word meaning famous warrior. * * * (as used in expressions) Beck Ludwig Beethoven Ludwig… …   Universalium

  • Johann — (as used in expressions) Johann Jakob Astor Bach, Johann Christian Bach, Johann Sebastian Baeyer, (Johann Friedrich Wilhelm) Adolf von Johann Heinrich Belter Bernstorff, Johann Heinrich, conde von Bodmer, Johann Georg Eck, Johann Johann Maier… …   Enciclopedia Universal

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